Carbon (from an armour. carbo-coal). The basic making part carbon-is strings of carbon (as a matter of fact, too most as, for example, a core in a pencil). Strings of carbon usually receive thermal processing of chemical or natural organic fibres at which in a material of a fibre there are mainly atoms of carbon. Such strings very thin to break them it is very simple, and here to tear difficultly enough. Strings use for manufacture of fabrics, packing.
Advantages carbon fibres:
-on durability carbon it is equal to the majority of metals,
-on weight on 40 % it is easier some steel and on 20 % it is easier some aluminium.
-on durability surpasses fiber glass.
Lacks carbon fibres:
-fragility of a string
-fades on the sun
For giving even greater durability of a fabric from strings of carbon put layers, each time changing a corner of a direction of weaving. Layers are fastened by means of epoxy pitches. It is applied to manufacturing easy, but strong details, for example: cockpits and fairing in the Formula 1, spinnings, masts for surfing, bumpers and thresholds on the sports cars, bearing screws of helicopters.
Strings of carbon usually receive thermal processing of chemical or natural organic fibres at which in a material of a fibre there are mainly atoms of carbon. On durability carbon it is equal to the majority of metals, and on weight on 40 % it is easier some steel and on 20 % it is easier some aluminium. Besides details from carbon surpass on durability of a detail from fiber glass.
Details from carbon manage much more expensively similar details from fiber glass. "Dearness" carbon is caused, first of all, by more complex "know-how" and greater cost of derivative materials.
For example, for sizing layers more dear and qualitative pitches are used, than at work with fiber glass fabric, and for manufacture of details it is required more dear the equipment, for example, such, as an autoclave.The second minus carbon — fear of dot impacts. For example, the cowl from carbon can turn in sieve after frequent hit of fine stones. Unlike metal details or details from fiber glass fabric to restore an original form carbon details it is impossible. Therefore, after even insignificant damage all detail should be changed entirely. Besides details from carbon are subject to fading under influence of solar beams. I.e. after certain time color will differ from initial.
It is used instead of metals in many products, from parts of spacecrafts up to fishing tackles
l Space-rocket technics
l aerotechnics(aircraft construction, helicopter engineering)
l shipbuilding (the ships, sports shipbuilding)
l motor-car construction (sports cars, motorcycles, tuning and furnish)
l Science and researches
l sporting stock (bicycles, fishing tackles)
Fishing tackles (fishing-rod)